aliphatic hydrocarbon

aliphatic hydrocarbon
алифатический углеводород
углеводород алифатического ряда

English-Russian dictionary of chemistre. 2014.

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  • aliphatic hydrocarbon — a hydrocarbon in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring …   Medical dictionary

  • Hydrocarbon mixtures — are a group of various volatile, highly flammable, mixtures used chiefly as nonpolar solvents.CompositionHydrocarbon mixtures are composed of hydrocarbons, benzine, and petroleum ethers.A hydrocarbon is any chemical compound that consists only of …   Wikipedia

  • hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …   Universalium

  • Aliphatic compound — In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene rings or similar rings of atoms, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar , fat, oil), which do not contain… …   Wikipedia

  • aliphatic — /al euh fat ik/, adj. Chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms can be straight chain, branched chain, or cyclic, as in alicyclic compounds; saturated, as in the paraffins; or unsaturated, as in… …   Universalium

  • aliphatic — Denoting the acyclic carbon compounds, most of which belong to the fatty acid series. [G. aleiphar (aleiphat ), fat, oil] a. acids the acids of nonaromatic hydrocarbons ( e.g., acetic, propionic, butyric acid s); the so called fatty acid s of the …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon. Diels h. a phenanthrene derivative obtained by the dehydrogenation of various steroids. saturated h. a h. that contains the greatest possible number of hydrogen atoms, so that the …   Medical dictionary

  • aliphatic hydrocarbons — Organic hydrocarbon compounds in which the carbon atoms are joined in open chains, as opposed to ring structures of aromatic and naphthenic compounds. Examples: ethane, propane, butane. Many are building blocks for petrochemicals …   Petroleum refining glossary

  • aliphatic — al•i•phat•ic [[t]ˌæl əˈfæt ɪk[/t]] adj. chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms form open chains • Etymology: 1885–90; < Gk aleiphat , s. of áleiphar oil, fat + ic …   From formal English to slang

  • hydrocarbon — hy•dro•car•bon [[t]ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr [/t]] n. chem. any of a class of aliphatic, cyclic, or aromatic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane or benzene • Etymology: 1820–30 hy dro•car bo•na′ceous, adj …   From formal English to slang

  • alicyclic hydrocarbon — a hydrocarbon that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties. Hydrocarbons. (A), Benzene, C6H6, an aromatic hydrocarbon; (B), cyclohexane, C6H12, an alicyclic hydrocarbon; (C), n hexane, C6H14, an aliphatic hydrocarbon …   Medical dictionary

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